Emerging Space Applications Track

The NSS Roadmap for Space Settlement identifies "Applications of Space Technology on and for Earth" as a major milestone to full space settlement. Currently, space applications are the largest segment of space activity, contributing hundreds of billions of dollars of value to the global economy each year. Newly developed technologies and operational capabilities will provide additional, and perhaps revolutionary, benefits to our economies and lifestyles.

This session will spotlight some of the ways that space will contribute to improve our global well being in the near future. Areas to be covered include:

Why should you attend? These emerging opportunities will form the basis for new companies and perhaps new industries. The sampling of emerging space applications presented in this track will give all space enthusiasts and supporters a glimpse of the wide range of new, exciting developments that will directly contribute to improving life on Earth.

Friday. Room: Athenia A (2nd Floor)
Time: 2 pm - 2:20 pm
Presentation Title: Introduction to Emerging Space Applications

Speaker: Dr. Stan Rosen, Vice Chairman of the Board, NSS Board of Directors. Professor of Acquisition Management, Defense Acquisition University
Time: 2:20 pm - 2:50 pm
Presentation Title: Explaining High Capacity Satellites

Speaker: Ric VanderMuelen, Vice President, ViaSat, Inc.

Presentation Summary: Northern Sky Research (NSR), a global leader in Satellite MarketResearch and Consulting, coined the industry term High Throughput Satellites to segment multi-spot beam satellites from the traditional wide area beam satellites typically used to provide Fixed Satellite Services FSS).

Satellites in this segment vary widely with capacities measured in the 1-2 Gbps range to over 100s of Gbps. This session will discuss the economics of these satellites from both a capacity, supporting the customer’s demand for speed/information, and coverage, supporting the customer’s location demands, perspective. The session will illustrate the importance of understanding the economics of capacity ($/Gbps) and coverage ($/Mkm2) metrics that are key to understanding both your customer’s mission profile and satellite technology selections.Economic capacity and coverage leadership will become evident, as well as, the trends in customer demand and emerging systems.

This will be a "last mile" or "first mil"” discussion, how High Capacity Satellites can providecomparable services to fiber and terrestrial wireless and not become a system of last resort. Limitations in satellite system performance have been created by the traditional Satellites and not by the terminals and ground equipment we see. The game changer is these new High Capacity Satellites, understand the disruptive performance capability and scale created by then, and understanding how they can be enhanced going forward.

Time: 2:50 pm - 3 pm
Time: 3 pm - 3:10 pm
Presentation Title: To Be Announced
NASA/NSS Student Space Settlement Contest Presentation
Time: 3:10 pm - 3:20 pm
Presentation Title: To Be Announced
NASA/NSS Student Space Settlement Contest Presentation
Time: 3:20 pm - 3:50 pm
Presentation Title: Satellite Remote Sensing of Soil Moisture and Urbanization for Drought, Flood, and Wildfire Applications in U.S. and across the World

Speaker: Dr. S.V. Nghiem, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Presentation Summary: Extreme conditions leading to drought, flood, and wildfire events demand observations from satellites with frequent coverage from local to regional and global scales with data in near real time and in long terms. Satellite soil moisture measurements enable a break-through in monitoring the amount of rainwater that actually reaches to and accumulates on land surface, thus impacting water resources and disasters caused by water excess or deficit. This is because the use of in-situ rain gauges may not be representative of regional rainfall amounts while surface rain radars cannot capture the amount of rainwater on the surface due to radar blockage and evaporation. Using NASA and international satellite data, we can measure soil moisture change after each rain events across the world. Identifying dry-up or saturation conditions allows early warnings of drought or flood events, respectively. Lack of water can significantly reduce vegetation live and dead fuel moisture leading to fire danger that needs to be detected ahead of time for fire weather watch and red flag warning. Moreover, from satellite data, we can measure stream flow or river discharge in response to precipitation in river catchments to assess water resources and flood or drought conditions. Moreover, impacts of these disasters can be exacerbated by the global urbanization trend that is quantifiable in terms of changes in urban extent and growth rate from satellite remote sensing. We will present examples of soil moisture change, stream flow, flood, drought, wildfire, and urbanization cases in U.S. and across different continents.

Time: 3:50 pm - 4 pm
Time: 4 pm - 4:25 pm
Presentation Title: Space Weather

Speaker: Dr. Gerald K.F. Rabl, Professor, Manhattan College, NY

Presentation Summary: Space weather is an emerging field of space science focusing on the study of the solar-terrestrial relationship and related technological and social impacts. The Sun with its influence on Earth's space environment releases vast amounts of energy in the form of electromagnetic and particle radiation that can damage or destroy satellites, navigation, communication and power systems. This presentation will give an introduction on important solar phenomena, their relationship to Earth's space environment, and how solar activity can impact our technological society.
Time: 4:25 pm - 4:50 pm
Presentation Title: The Evolution of Commercial Markets for Space Resources

Speaker: Brad Blair, General Partner, NewSpace Analytics LLC

Presentation Summary: Emerging commercial space markets can be predicted and modeled as a function of future capabilities, technologies and infrastructure. Markets for space resources are likely to follow similar paths to terrestrial analogs, particularly from the energy, mining and manufacturing industries. There is much to be learned from the past, and these lessons can be utilized to illuminate a feasible path forward as humanity expands into its next frontier. Human and robotic systems capacity will geometrically rise as the space frontier opens for commercial activity and settlement. Current costs for space access and infrastructure will support high product prices, and could lead to large profits. As free enterprise follows a predictable, economically feasible and therefore sustainable path, business risks will drop and private capital will naturally flow toward space.

Saturday. Room: Milos (2nd Floor)
Time: 10 am - 10:30 am
Presentation Title: Server Sky - Connecting the Poor, Harvesting Space Debris

Speaker: Keith Lofstrom, Server Sky,

Presentation Summary: Server Sky arrays can deliver gigabit internet data service to millions of rural and travelling customers. India and China can get world class data service on a developing world budget, building and launching their own globally marketable capability with indigenous resources.

Server Sky arrays can be programmed as ultra high accuracy radars, precisely locating space debris for capture and re-use. Captured debris is cut into gram-sized chunks and used as ballast for future server sky thinsats, reducing launch weight to milligrams per thinsat. This is the first baby step towards space manufacturing, and creates a ready market for simple lunar materials after using up all the debris.

Kilometer-scale sensors? Van Allen belt mitigation? Attend the 11am Thursday introduction to thinsat technology, then join us Saturday with your own application ideas.
Time: 10:30 am - 10:50 am
Presentation Title: Economic Evaluation of the Robotic Asteroid Prospector Architecture

Speaker: Brad Blair, General Partner, NewSpace Analytics LLC

Presentation Summary: Profitability conditions for asteroid mining are modeled by the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) Robotic Asteroid Prospector (RAP) project, including specifically examining the feasibility of returning metals to Earth customers, and selling propellants to an in-space marketplace. The study decomposes the challenge of asteroid mining into four key efforts including mission and trajectory design, spacecraft design, mining and processing technology for microgravity and vacuum operations, and how these efforts can add up to a business case for asteroid mining. The purpose of this paper will be to describe the analytical assessment process used to determine if identified asteroid mining business cases are viable, and to report the preliminary results of that process. Details regarding the RAP architecture and design will be reported in other papers.
Time: 10:50 am - 11 am
Time: 11 am - 11:50 am
Presentation Title: Manufacturing in Space: If You Build It, Will They Come

Speaker: Paul Wieland, Engineer, Author of "Crossing the Threshold: Advancing Into Space to Benefit Earth."

Presentation Summary: Manufacturing in space has long been a goal of space enthusiasts. Currently there is only one space-made product, however, latex microspheres for calibrating microscopes. To become a major industry space manufacturing must meet three key conditions: raw materials must be acquired and processed in space, the products can be manufactured only in space, and they must have a broad market. Latex microspheres meet the second condition, but the materials were brought from Earth and the market is quite limited. Utilizing the unique properties of space, what products might meet the conditions? A highly-visible product would be great, and something that would support further development of space would be ideal.

One possibility is the Cloud 9, conceived by Buckminster Fuller. Utilizing the geodesic dome concept, entire spheres 1 to 2 kilometers in diameter could be home to thousands of people each. Such spheres would float in the atmosphere like hot air balloons, buoyed by a temperature difference of only a few degrees, provided by normal activities. Building them on Earth is virtually impossible, but in space, once the mining and manufacturing infrastructure is in place, Cloud 9s could be constructed at the L1 location by robotic construction workers as quickly as parts could be made. A "nudge" would send a completed Cloud 9 on a path to Earth, where it would enter the atmosphere, quickly decelerate, and float silently in the sky as a reminder of the value of space development. Or, it could remain in space as an O'Neill-type settlement.

Time: 2 pm - 2:30 pm
Presentation Title: America's Rocket Renaissance

Speaker: Douglas Messier, Managing Editor,

Presentation Summary: America is undergoing a renaissance in space that has not been seen since the 1960's. There is innovation and competition that ranges from suborbital vehicles to deep space exploration and commercial exploitation. America is on the verge of launching a new Space Age that promises far reaching benefits to the nation and the world. What are the benefits of this new approach? And how might America stumble and miss this opportunity? Those topics will be covered in this presentation.
Time: 2 pm - 2:30 pm
Concluding Panel: Implications of the Use of Space for the Improvement of Life on Earth?

Dr. Stan Rosen, Vice Chairman of the Board, NSS Board of Directors. Professor of Acquisition Management, Defense Acquisition University

Dr. S.V. Nghiem, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Keith Lofstrom, Server Sky,

Paul Wieland, Engineer, Author of "Crossing the Threshold: Advancing Into Space to Benefit Earth."

Dr. Gerald K.F. Rabl, Professor, Manhattan College, NY

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